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Everything posted by Rahul Ponginan

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AVL CRUISE™ M is a multidisciplinary system simulation solution that supports modelbased development using high quality realtime models from domains including engine, flow, aftertreatment, driveline, electrics and hydraulics. learn more here

Free eBook: Design the Inspire Way – A Practical Introduction to solidThinking Inspire click on the title here This book is a very lightweight introduction into the exciting world of the “Simulation Driven Design Process”. It is meant to give pupils, undergraduate students and maybe even designers new to Computer Aided Engineering CAE a “taste”, a first idea on how simulation, especially conceptual design (simulation) works. The tool of choice used in this book is solidThinking Inspire®. Inspire enables design engineers, product designers, and architects unfamiliar with numeric simulation, to make optimal use of the material by placing it only where needed to meet structural requirements. Become Inspired ...

Radial symmetry should suffice, you can follow the tutorial here https://altairuniversity.com/conceptualdesignofa3wheelermotorbike/conceptualdesignofa3wheelermotorbikewheelrimtopologyoptimization/ using extrusion manufacturing constraint can help if you need the shape to have the same cross section through and through...

These eBooks discuss the FEA and CAE theory in detail and involves extensive discussions.

We have books on this and other tools and topics, you can download them for free here  https://altairuniversity.com/freeebooks2/

The equation of motion for a static analysis is as below: [K] {X} = {F}  (1) [K] > Global Stiffness Matrix {X} > Unknown Displacement {F} > External Force Applied. For the body to be in static equilibrium, the net force acting at every node must be zero. Therefore, the basic statement of static equilibrium is that the internal forces, I, and the external forces, F, must balance each other: [K] {X} is nothing but internal force 'I' Equation (1) now becomes, ==> I = F or I  F = 0 (2) In Dynamic Analysis, the imbalance between the external and internal forces results in an acceleration: F  I = M a. F > External Forces I > Internal Force M*a > Inertial Forces (mass times acceleration) In linear static analysis the stiffness matrix is constant and shall not change/update throughout the analysis. There are many check need to be performed once you have linear static results for well conditioned problems. The equation (1) is decomposed one time to find the unknown displacement. [K] {X} ={F} After decomposition, a singularity may lead to an incorrect solution. In static analysis to obtain {X} (displacements). Using these displacements, One can calculate a “residual” loading vector as follows: [K] {X} {F} =δ F This residual vector should theoretically be null (equation 2) but may not be null due to numeric roundoff. In Nonlinear static analysis, The stiffness matrix changes in each and every iteration since the stiffness matrix is dependent on the external load. The external load in Nonlinear static analysis is applied in increments and time here has no physical meaning. Time is just a convenient way to apply full load in nonlinear static analysis. In Optistruct the incremental load is controlled by 'NINC' field in the NLPARM card for NLSTAT load steps, this is a fixed load increment method. If you add the PARAM,EXPERTNL,YES to the deck, the time increment method becomes automatic in which case, the increment (load) is increased or cut back based on the convergence rate. NLGEOM loadstep has automatic time step by default. In NLGEOM loadstep the RAMP load curve can be defined using TABLED1 card and then refer this in NLOAD1 card. In nonlinear static analysis, OptiStruct uses the NewtonRaphson method to obtain solutions for nonlinear problems to maintain the residuals close to zero (equation 2) In a nonlinear analysis the solution usually cannot be calculated by solving a single system of equations, as would be done in a linear problem. Instead, the solution is found by applying the specified loads gradually and incrementally working toward the final solution. Therefore, OptiStruct breaks the simulation into a number of load increments (NINC) and finds the approximate equilibrium configuration at the end of each load increment. It is important that you clearly understand the difference between an analysis step (NLSTAT / NLGEOM), a load increment (NINC of NLPARM card), and an iteration (MAXITER of NLPARM card) The load history for a simulation consists of one or more steps. Within a step you will have many no of increments (NINC), within increment there can be many no. of iteration (MAXITER). OptiStruct checks the equilibrium equation ( equation 2) for each and every iteration. If the solution from an iteration is not converged, OptiStruct performs another iteration to try to bring the internal and external forces into balance. An increment is part of a step. An iteration is an attempt at finding an equilibrium solution in an increment when solving with an implicit method. If the model is not in equilibrium at the end of the iteration, OptiStruct tries another iteration. With every iteration the solution OptiStruct obtains should be closer to equilibrium; sometimes OptiStruct may need many iterations to obtain an equilibrium solution. When an equilibrium solution has been obtained, the increment is complete.

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setup of a composite simulation
Rahul Ponginan replied to Rahul Ponginan's topic in Altair OptiStruct

Learn more about this from the FEA eBook http://www.altairuniversity.com/freeebooks2/freeebookpracticalaspectsoffiniteelementsimulationastudyguide/

Essential Steps To Start With Nonlinear FEA
Rahul Ponginan replied to Rahul Ponginan's topic in Altair OptiStruct
Learn more about this from the FEA eBook http://www.altairuniversity.com/freeebooks2/freeebookpracticalaspectsoffiniteelementsimulationastudyguide/ 
Essential Steps To Start With Nonlinear FEA
Rahul Ponginan replied to Rahul Ponginan's topic in Altair OptiStruct
Essential Steps To Start With Nonlinear FEA • Learn first how the software works on a simple model before you use a nonlinear feature which you haven’t used. Also guess how your structural component will behave, i.e. check for available studies, reports and benchmarks . • Try to understand the software’s supporting documentation, its output and warnings. • Know what you are looking for. Prepare a list of questions you think your analysis should be able to answer. Design the analysis, including the model, material model, and boundary conditions, in order to answer the questions you have in mind. • Keep the final model as simple as possible. A linear analysis done first can provide a lot of information such as where are the high stresses in the model, where the initial contact may occur, and what level of load will introduce plasticity in the model. The results of the linear analysis may even point out that there is no need for a nonlinear analysis. Examples of such a situation include the yield limit not being reached, there is no contact, and the displacements are small. • Verify and validate the results of the nonlinear FEA solution. Verification means that “the model is computed correctly” from the numerical point of view. Wrong discretization with respect to the mesh size and time stepping are common errors. Validation asks the questions if “the correct model” is computed e.g. the geometry, material, boundary conditions, interactions etc coincide with the one acting in reality. • Try to look into the assumptions made with respect to the structural component, its geometry behavior with respect to large strain (On/Off), look into different material models if the earlier model is unable to give you a result you expect (sometimes software only make some models compatible with commonly used elements and in this case you might look into a possibility of changing the element formulation). Essential Steps To Start With Nonlinear FEA • Learn first how the software works on a simple model before you use a nonlinear feature which you haven’t used. Also guess how your structural component will behave, i.e. check for available studies, reports and benchmarks . • Try to understand the software’s supporting documentation, its output and warnings. • Know what you are looking for. Prepare a list of questions you think your analysis should be able to answer. Design the analysis, including the model, material model, and boundary conditions, in order to answer the questions you have in mind. • Keep the final model as simple as possible. A linear analysis done first can provide a lot of information such as where are the high stresses in the model, where the initial contact may occur, and what level of load will introduce plasticity in the model. The results of the linear analysis may even point out that there is no need for a nonlinear analysis. Examples of such a situation include the yield limit not being reached, there is no contact, and the displacements are small. • Verify and validate the results of the nonlinear FEA solution. Verification means that “the model is computed correctly” from the numerical point of view. Wrong discretization with respect to the mesh size and time stepping are common errors. Validation asks the questions if “the correct model” is computed e.g. the geometry, material, boundary conditions, interactions etc coincide with the one acting in reality. • Try to look into the assumptions made with respect to the structural component, its geometry behavior with respect to large strain (On/Off), look into different material models if the earlier model is unable to give you a result you expect (sometimes software only make some models compatible with commonly used elements and in this case you might look into a possibility of changing the element formulation). 
AcuSolve Introduction Training webinar recording. The recording is useful for any new user to get an overview of AcuSolve workflow. http://www.altairuniversity.com/gettingstarted/learnacusolvetrainingwebinars/

Learn more about this from the FEA eBook http://www.altairuniversity.com/freeebooks2/freeebookpracticalaspectsoffiniteelementsimulationastudyguide/

New Feature in HW 2017 – Collision Detection Tool
Rahul Ponginan replied to Rahul Ponginan's topic in Altair RADIOSS
New Feature in HW 2017 – Collision Detection Tool (Click Here) A new feature called ‘Collision Detection ‘is introduced from HyperMesh 2017, which will check components or groups for element penetrations and intersections and we can fix those manually or automatically. Please note that the Collision Detection tool is only available in the RADIOSS and LSDYNA user profiles. Penetration is defined as the overlap of the material thickness of shell elements, while Intersection is defined as elements that actually pass completely through one another: Any penetrations or intersections in the model can lead to weird model behavior and may also result in run termination. So, it is important and always recommended to fix the penetrations or intersections in the model. 
Radioss 2017 Reference Manual Documents, User Guide and Tutorials
Rahul Ponginan replied to a topic in Altair RADIOSS
Hello All, Users can download RADIOSS 2017 Reference Guide , RADIOSS 2017 User Guide and RADIOSS 2017 Tutorial files from here. The model files for Student Edition users – accompaniment to the tutorials in Help can be downloaded from: http://www.altairuniversity.com/modelfilesforstudenteditionusersaccompanimenttothetutorialsinhelp/ RADIOSS_2017_Reference_Guide.pdf RADIOSS_2017_Tutorials_and_Examples.pdf RADIOSS_2017_User_Guide.pdf 
Altair HyperCrash is a CAE preprocessor developed to support RADIOSS, Altair's nonlinear finite element solver. HyperCrash provides a comprehensive environment to study occupant simulations and other requirements of the crashsafety domain. Fully supporting RADIOSS and LSDYNA solvers, combining the power of an intuitive GUI with an automated set of proven crash and safety modeling procedures, HyperCrash enables users to realize unprecedented time savings while achieving highquality, accurate results. Learn about the Latest Features on HyperCrash 2017 from http://www.altairuniversity.com/learninglibrary/hypercrashnewfeatures/ Also, watch Winter Directed Learning Webinar Series – Crash Analysis with RADIOSS at http://www.altairuniversity.com/learninglibrary/2017winterdirectedlearningwebinarseriescrashanalysiswithradioss/ You can also download the HyperCrash 2017 user guide from here: HyperCrash_2017_user_guide.pdf

Essential Steps To Start With Nonlinear FEA
Rahul Ponginan replied to Rahul Ponginan's topic in Altair OptiStruct
Essential Steps To Start With Nonlinear FEA • Learn first how the software works on a simple model before you use a nonlinear feature which you haven’t used. Also guess how your structural component will behave, i.e. check for available studies, reports and benchmarks . • Try to understand the software’s supporting documentation, its output and warnings. • Know what you are looking for. Prepare a list of questions you think your analysis should be able to answer. Design the analysis, including the model, material model, and boundary conditions, in order to answer the questions you have in mind. • Keep the final model as simple as possible. A linear analysis done first can provide a lot of information such as where are the high stresses in the model, where the initial contact may occur, and what level of load will introduce plasticity in the model. The results of the linear analysis may even point out that there is no need for a nonlinear analysis. Examples of such a situation include the yield limit not being reached, there is no contact, and the displacements are small. • Verify and validate the results of the nonlinear FEA solution. Verification means that “the model is computed correctly” from the numerical point of view. Wrong discretization with respect to the mesh size and time stepping are common errors. Validation asks the questions if “the correct model” is computed e.g. the geometry, material, boundary conditions, interactions etc coincide with the one acting in reality. • Try to look into the assumptions made with respect to the structural component, its geometry behavior with respect to large strain (On/Off), look into different material models if the earlier model is unable to give you a result you expect (sometimes software only make some models compatible with commonly used elements and in this case you might look into a possibility of changing the element formulation). 
Learn more about this from the FEA eBook http://www.altairuniversity.com/freeebooks2/freeebookpracticalaspectsoffiniteelementsimulationastudyguide/