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How do I know which turbulence model to use?

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General Applications


The starting point for most applications should be the steady state Spalart-Allmaras model. For most industrial applications, this model provides sufficient accuracy. For applications involving massive separation, the DES model may be used if a higher level of accuracy is required.


Unsteady Simulations


For the simulation of unsteady flows, users have the option of unsteady RANS (URANS), DES, or LES. Depending on the goal of the simulation, different turbulence models may be used. If the unsteadiness in the flow is driven by some type of thermal transient, then the use of URANS (i.e. the Spalart-Allmaras model in unsteady mode) is typically sufficient. If the unsteadiness is due to large scale separation and bluff body vortex shedding, the DES model or LES model should be used. For cases where small scale turbulent structure is of interest, the Dynamic LES model should be used.


 


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